Marco has written these two great pieces as part of his IELTS preparation for parts 1 and 2 of the exam.
The given bar graph shows some data regarding Southland’s primary exports in 2000 and 2018. It also indicates expected values for the year 2025.
Overall, the actual leading sector is the dairy industry with £10 billion in earnings. It is followed by international tourism and meat exports with £9 billion and approximately £5.5 billion respectively.
Revenues from international tourism have increased significantly since 2000, and, according to the projections, they will also go up in 2025. In addition to this, dairy products will experience a little fall in exports. Consequently, by the year 2025, tourism will have replaced dairy exports as the most profitable sector.
Southland’s meat products are not as in demand as the others. Moreover, the figures have decreased in the last 18 years by about half a billion pounds and a further drop is predicted in 2025. In this case it would confirm a negative trend over a 25 year period.
Nowadays, fast food is becoming more and more common and, as a result, health issues are rising among people. In this essay, it will be discussed whether or not imposing taxes on this kind of food could improve the situation.
On the one hand, higher taxation would damage only specific organisations such as McDonald’s and Burger King, which operate in the fast food sector. In this way, the idea of having a free market would be affected. In fact, prices and earnings would not be decided by the level of demand for those products anymore. As soon as the government takes control of prices, there would be unfair competition and this could discourage new businesses from starting in that specific state in which taxes were imposed.
On the other hand, a lot of customers could be convinced to change their gastronomical habits thanks to a higher taxation. Not only could higher prices discourage purchases, but the money raised could also be used to improve health treatment. In particular, it would be possible to reinvest this money in research or in food education at school. A similar example is smoking. In the UK, there are very high taxes on cigarettes. Consequently, there are more financial resources for research on lung cancer.
To sum up, there are benefits and drawbacks related to higher taxation. However, I believe that if this measure were applied, it would be possible to see a fall in the number of patients suffering health problems due to fast food.