As part of her preparation for the CAE, Elena has written this great essay on measures which could be implemented to reduce the use of cars in city centres.

Restricting the amount of parking available for car drivers and setting lower prices on public transport are both thought to be excellent measures when it comes to reducing cars used in the city centre. However, which of these could be considered to be more efficient?

First of all, if there were less public parking, people heading to the same destination on a daily basis would arrange their journey using one vehicle for more than one rather than one car per person. This would be absolutely possible for students commuting to the same school or employees working together in a company. Moreover, those who are able to reach the city centre on foot but hesitate whether or not to take their own vehicle would definitely make up their minds for the healthiest choice.

While this may be true, nobody can deny that promoting more affordable public transport would be the key to encourage citizens to travel by car less often. If we take into consideration the fact that the price of petrol is rising dramatically, using public transport is getting much more expensive. But if the government paid for its taxes, it would highly reduce the cost of coaches, trains, buses, and in general all public services available. It would therefore mean that people would start to consider least expensive ways of transport no matter how comfortable they might be. Nowadays, the most affordable choices are synonymous with the most popular things among the population.

Having considered the two areas, in conclusion, I would argue that not only would the reduction in public transport costs trigger less people to use cars but also it would become a more common option when the price of the petrol becomes higher.